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Web Internationalization and Standardization Initiative

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, under its flagship programme 'Technology Development for Indian Languages' supports futuristic research, development and proliferation of multilingual technology including multilingual web and internet technology.
MeitY has been focussing on Internationalization of Web standards and under its ‘Web Standardization Initiative’ Project, seeding efforts on Web standards in the domains of Web architecture, Voice browser, mobile web, Locale Data etc. have been carried out for internationalization aspects of Web Standards.

Role of Web standards in India

Web standards deals with the multilingual web technology and services, the software industry and web service providers involved in providing such web based solutions would be interested to be associated with Standard bodies. The adoption of the Web standards and guidelines in their product development and services, would result in seamless access of and services independent of devices, platform and access methodology. The role of India becomes prominent especially in the area of internationalization as we need to ensure that all our officially recognized 22 languages can be adequately represented.

Key Achievements

I. Indic Layout Task Force: W3C Indic Text layout task force (http://www.w3.org/International/groups/indic-layout/) has been constituted and is working directly under the W3C Internationalization Working Group. The aim of this task force is to collect information about specific use cases in India for technologies defined in W3C specifications for Indian languages, and to report the results of its activities as a group back to the Internationalization Core Working Group, as well as to other relevant groups and to the W3C members and the community.

II. Publication of Indic layout document as First proposed working draft of W3C: The W3C Internationalization Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Indic Layout Requirements on behalf of the Indic Layout Task Force , part of the W3C Internationalization Interest Group and Digital publishing Interest Group. This document describes the basic requirements for Indic script layout and text support on the Web and in eBooks. These requirements provide information for Web technologies such as CSS, HTML and SVG about how to support users of Indic scripts.

III. Development of Best Practices for Localization of e-Governance Applications in Indian Languages: Adoption by E-Governance in National E-Gov open standard frame work.

IV. Development Best practices for localization of mobile web applications in Indian languages: To create awareness among the software developers and the designers to create localized applications/products and best practices to be followed for mobile application development esp. in view of Indian Languages. Mobile Localization Guidelines

V. Formation of Mobile Web Community group : To address the issues concerning with the enablement of mobile with Indian Languages support, seamless SMS sending and receiving in Indian Languages, Uniform user experience on the mobile through use of Indian Languages, accessing of Indian Languages websites from mobiles etc http://tdil.mit.gov.in/WSI/mobile.html

VI. Initiate of development of SMS compression techniques for Indian Languages :Currently, Indian Language SMS can accommodate approximately 70 Unicode Characters, which is roughly 30 Syllables/ Akshara’s or 10-12 words per SMS. Database of commonly used SMS words in Indian language is not available. Gold SMS data to be provided in all Indian languages to the operators for testing seamless text transmission w.r.t Indian languages and it must be carried out in all the circles. Result of Gold SMS Testing By Different Operator using UTF-8 have been developed.

VII. Speech Standards
• Development of PLS data of 3 lakhs words each of Hindi, Bangla, Manipuri, Bodo, Punjabi and Marathi.
• Evolved a proposed framework for Indo-Aryan languages with support of linguistics features of Standard Punjabi using its phonological features and capturing POS based variations in Punjabi for implementation of PLS data by introducing new elements and Analytic study of recorded speech signals for Punjabi language.

VIII. Semantic Web : Identification of the problem for Indian languages in Semantic Web. Research paper on Semantic Web Query on e-Governance Data and Designing Ontology for Agriculture Domain.

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